Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics
Biophotonics
Biophysical properties of biomolecules (proteins and DNA) and cells interacting with the environment during a biological process. Investigations on fundamental biochemical and cell biological processes, such as regulation of gene expression, transcription, muscle contraction, protein synthesis, virus infection, cell interaction, etc. Single Molecular Biophysics: molecolar motors, Protein-DNA interactions. Cell imaging and Manipulation by Non-linear Optical Microscopy, Tissue Imaging by Non-linear Microscopy
Experimental nuclear physics
Heavy ion physics: experiments FIESTA and NUCL-EX, design and realization of the FAZIA detector. Nuclear structure studies in nuclei in the Z ~ 50 by the experiment GAMMA. Crystal scintillators for double beta decay. Applied nuclear physics: AMS radiocarbon dating, PIXE and PIGE techniques for the analysis of Antarctic ice dust, continental sediments and particulate.
High resolution spectroscopy of semiconductor and photonic nanostructures
Single Quantum Dot Spectroscopy. Near field imaging and nano-manipulation. GaN based nanostructures for innovative UV emitters. Nanoparticles for a new generation of efficient solar cells. Magneto-Optics of Nanostructured Materials.
Laser propagation in atmosphere and turbulent media
Modeling light propagation through diffusive media, with special emphasis on biological tissue. Refracting index gradient of the atmosfere.
Photoprocesses in atoms and biological molecules
Coherent control of light propagation, coherent control of temporal and spectral characters of light pulse. Spectroscopy with high order armonics. Diagnostic use of cell and tissue autofluorescence. Random laser.
Quantum degenerate gases
Experiments on Bose-Einstein (BE) condensates both in periodic optical potentials and in disordered or quasi-disordered potentials created by light. Anderson localization of a non-interacting BE condensate. Fermi-Bose and Bose-Bose quantum degenerate mixtures. Study of strongly correlated phases with ultracold atoms in optical potentials. Search for gravitational waves with LIGO and AURIGA.
Theory of condensed matter
Finite-temperature behaviour of low-dimensional magnetic systems.
High-precision quantum Monte Carlo code to simulate thermodynamic and critical behaviour of one- and two-dimensional magnetic systems.
Quantum spin systems. Quantum anti ferromagnets. Molecular magnets.
Ultracold atoms and precision measurements
Ultracold atoms. Optical atomic clocks and quantum sensors. Atom interferometry gravity-gradiometer for the determination of the Newtonian gravitational constant G. Ultracold Sr atoms as a quantum sensor to measure forces at micrometric distances from source masses to investigate the validity of Newton's law at micrometric distances. Applications for space experiments and geophysics.
Condensed Matter: Electronic Properties, etc.
Condensed Matter: Structure, etc.
Complex fluides
Complex Fluids and Interfaces. Dielectric spectroscopy of complex fluides. Scanning Electro-Chemical Microscopy. Neutron scattering on nanoparticles. Protein Folding and Unfolding.
Timeresolved spectroscopy in complex liquids. Hydrodynamic models.
Brillouin scattering of neutrons for the study of the microscopic dynamics of fluids.
Experimental nuclear physics
Heavy ion physics: experiments FIESTA and NUCL-EX, design and realization of the FAZIA detector. Nuclear structure studies in nuclei in the Z ~ 50 by the experiment GAMMA. Crystal scintillators for double beta decay. Applied nuclear physics: AMS radiocarbon dating, PIXE and PIGE techniques for the analysis of Antarctic ice dust, continental sediments and particulate.
Laser propagation in atmosphere and turbulent media
Modeling light propagation through diffusive media, with special emphasis on biological tissue. Refracting index gradient of the atmosfere.
Elementary Particles and Fields
Algebric structures and their applications to physics. Mathematical methods in relativity and statistical mechanics.
Conformal theories and quantum Hall effect. Integrable systems and boundary conformal theories. Non commutative geometry. Classical general relativity. Quantization of Lie algebras. Topological Strings, Two-Dimensional Yang-Mills Theory and Chern-Simons Theory.
Experimental elementary particle physics
At the CERN LHC: CMS, to possibly detect the Higgs boson and signals of supersymmetry. LHCb to study the flavour physics in the B sector. LHCf to study the pi0 production cross section at very high proton energies, to better describe the high energy atmospheric showers.
Then, at the CERN SPS, the NA62 experiment on the very rare K decay in pion and neutrino/antineutrino, to check the SM and possibly observe signal of physics beyond the SM. The Pamela experiment (in orbit), to measure the antimatter content in the cosmic rays. The Virgo experiment on the detection of gravitational wave.
Fundamental interaction theory
QCD corrections to vector boson production at LHC, Higgs production at LHC. Small x resummations. Electroweak resummations. Beyond the Standard Model of electroweak theory in extra dimensions. Higgsless and deconstructed models of electroweak symmetry breaking. Quantum tunneling and gravitational collapse. Phase transitions. Protein folding and stocastic dynamics. Fermi Pasta Ulam chains. Supersymmetry and relativistic spinning particles.
Many body and nuclear theory
Interactions of solar neutrinos with deuterons. Collective motions in Fermi sistems. Heavy ion collision phenomenology. Statistical hadronization and quark gluon plasma. Chemical equilibrium in relativistic nuclear collisions.
General Physics: Statistical and Quantum Mechanics, Quantum Information, etc.
Algebric structures and their applications to physics. Mathematical methods in relativity and statistical mechanics.
Conformal theories and quantum Hall effect. Integrable systems and boundary conformal theories. Non commutative geometry. Classical general relativity. Quantization of Lie algebras. Topological Strings, Two-Dimensional Yang-Mills Theory and Chern-Simons Theory.
Fundamental interaction theory
QCD corrections to vector boson production at LHC, Higgs production at LHC. Small x resummations. Electroweak resummations. Beyond the Standard Model of electroweak theory in extra dimensions. Higgsless and deconstructed models of electroweak symmetry breaking. Quantum tunneling and gravitational collapse. Phase transitions. Protein folding and stocastic dynamics. Fermi Pasta Ulam chains. Supersymmetry and relativistic spinning particles.
Gravitation and Astrophysics
Algebric structures and their applications to physics. Mathematical methods in relativity and statistical mechanics.
Conformal theories and quantum Hall effect. Integrable systems and boundary conformal theories. Non commutative geometry. Classical general relativity. Quantization of Lie algebras. Topological Strings, Two-Dimensional Yang-Mills Theory and Chern-Simons Theory.
Astrophysics
Laboratory activity on space science: solar physics, astrobiology and exoplanet search; development of detectors and optical systems in the UV and visible wavelengths. Theoretical and experimental research on solar spectropolarimetry. Extragalactic high energy processes: black holes, jets, GRB. Theoretical and computational studies on astrophysical plasmas.
Study of Cosmic Microwave Background, Bpol experiment.
Nonlinear Dynamics, Fluid Dynamics, Classical Optics, etc.
Laser propagation in atmosphere and turbulent media
Modeling light propagation through diffusive media, with special emphasis on biological tissue. Refracting index gradient of the atmosfere.
Nuclear Physics
Many body and nuclear theory
Interactions of solar neutrinos with deuterons. Collective motions in Fermi sistems. Heavy ion collision phenomenology. Statistical hadronization and quark gluon plasma. Chemical equilibrium in relativistic nuclear collisions.
Soft Matter, Biological, and Interdisciplinary Physics
Biophotonics
Biophysical properties of biomolecules (proteins and DNA) and cells interacting with the environment during a biological process. Investigations on fundamental biochemical and cell biological processes, such as regulation of gene expression, transcription, muscle contraction, protein synthesis, virus infection, cell interaction, etc. Single Molecular Biophysics: molecolar motors, Protein-DNA interactions. Cell imaging and Manipulation by Non-linear Optical Microscopy, Tissue Imaging by Non-linear Microscopy
Photoprocesses in atoms and biological molecules
Coherent control of light propagation, coherent control of temporal and spectral characters of light pulse. Spectroscopy with high order armonics. Diagnostic use of cell and tissue autofluorescence. Random laser.